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I-China iyaphalaza ukusombulula amandla okucinezela kunye nokulawula imarike yempahla engalawulwayo

Nge-27 ka-Novemba ngo-2019, indoda yaya kwindawo yombane yamalahle eHarbin, kwiPhondo laseHeilongjiang, China. ABAFUNDI / uJason Lee
I-Beijing, nge-24 kaSeptemba (Reuters) -Abavelisi be China kunye nabavelisi banokuthi ekugqibeleni babe noncedo ngenxa yokwanda kwezithintelo zamandla eziphazamisa ukusebenza kwemizi-mveliso.
I-arhente ephezulu yocwangciso lwezoqoqosho eBeijing, iKhomishini yoPhuhliso yeSizwe kunye noHlaziyo, ithe ngolwe-Sihlanu izakusebenza ukusombulula ukunqongophala kombane okuthe kwahlasela imveliso ukusukela ngeyeSilimela, kunye nokuphunyezwa kwamanyathelo amatsha anomdla wokulawula ukukhutshwa, kwiiveki ezidlulileyo Qina. Funda ngokugqithisileyo
Icacise ngokukodwa ukuba umzi-mveliso wezichumiso, oxhomekeke kwirhasi yendalo, ubethwe kakhulu, kwaye wacela abavelisi abakhulu bamandla elizweni ukuba bazalisekise zonke iikhontrakthi zonikezelo kunye nabavelisi bezichumisi.
Nangona kunjalo, iimpembelelo zokunqongophala zixhaphake. Ubuncinci i-15 iinkampani zaseTshayina ezidwelisiweyo ezivelisa uluhlu lwezixhobo kunye nezinto zorhwebo (ukusuka kwialuminiyam kunye neekhemikhali ukuya kwidayi kunye nefenitshala) bathi imveliso yabo ichaphazeleka kuthintelo lwamandla.
Oku kubandakanya iYunnan Aluminium (000807.SZ), inkampani encediswa liqela lesinyithi laseChina uChinalco, elisike imveliso yalo yealuminium ngo-2021 ngaphezulu kweetoni ezingama-500,000 okanye phantse i-18%.
Inkxaso-mali yaseYunnan yeHanan Shenhuo Coal and Electricity (000933.SZ) ikwatsho ukuba ayizukufezekisa injongo yayo yemveliso yonyaka. Nangona inkampani yabazali iye yagqithisela malunga nesiqingatha semveliso yealuminium kumaphondo asemazantsi-ntshona ukuze isebenzise ubutyebi bamandla ombane wendawo.
Kwisiqingatha sokuqala salo nyaka, yimimandla eli-10 kuphela kwengama-30 ekungeneni elizweni eye yafezekisa iithagethi zazo zamandla, ngelixa ukusetyenziswa kwamandla kumaphondo ali-9 nakwimimandla kuye kwanda unyaka nonyaka, kwaye amasebe afanelekileyo ephondo athe anyusa iinzame zokulawula ukungcola. Funda ngokugqithisileyo
Liphondo lempuma yeJiangsu kuphela elithe kule nyanga liqalise ukuhlolwa kwamashishini endawo angama-323 kusetyenziswa amandla ombane ngonyaka okugqitha iitoni ezingama-50,000 zamalahle asemgangathweni kunye namanye amashishini angama-29 anamandla amakhulu.
Oku nokunye ukuhlola kuye kwanceda ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwamandla kwilizwe liphela, kunciphisa ukuveliswa kombane e-China ngo-Agasti nge-2.7% ukusuka kwinyanga ephelileyo ukuya kwi-738.35 yezigidigidi kWh.
Kodwa le iseyinyanga yesibini ephezulu irekhodi. Emva kwesifo, ubango lwehlabathi nolwasekhaya lwempahla efunyenwe ngenkxaso yamanyathelo okhuthazo, kunye nemfuno yombane iphelele.
Nangona kunjalo, ingxaki ayikhawulelwanga e-China, njengoko irekhodi lamaxabiso egesi yendalo ebangele ukuba iinkampani ezisebenzisa umbane kwiindawo ezininzi zehlabathi ziyeke imveliso. Funda ngokugqithisileyo
Ukongeza kumashishini anamandla amakhulu afana ne-aluminium yokunyibilikisa, ukunyibilikisa isinyithi, kunye nezichumisi, amanye amacandelo emizi-mveliso nawo achatshazelwe kukucinywa kombane, kubangele uthotho lokonyuka okubukhali kumaxabiso ezinto ezisetyenzisiweyo.
Ixabiso le-ferrosilicon (ingxubevange esetyenziselwa ukuqinisa intsimbi kunye nezinye izinyithi) inyuke nge-50% kwinyanga ephelileyo.
Kwezi veki zidlulileyo, amaxabiso e-silicomanganese kunye ne-magnesium ingots nawo anyukile, ebeka iirekhodi eziphakamileyo okanye eziphakamileyo zeminyaka emininzi kunye namaxabiso ezinye izinto zokufaka ezilukhuni okanye zorhwebo ezifana ne-urea, i-aluminium kunye namalahle okupheka.
Ngokomthengi wokutya wesoya kuloo mmandla, abavelisi bezinto ezinxulumene nokutya nabo bachaphazelekile. Ubuncinci izityalo ezintathu zokulungisa iimbotyi zesoya eTianjin kunxweme olusempuma ye China kutshanje zivaliwe.
Nangona icebo leKhomishini yoPhuhliso kunye noHlengahlengiso lokuphanda ukunqongophala kwamandla kulindeleke ukuba linciphise iintlungu kwixesha elifutshane, ababukeli beemarike balindele ukuba imeko ka-Beijing yokunciphisa ukukhutshwa kwezinto ayizukujika ngesiquphe.
UFrederic Neumann, oyintloko-ntloko yoPhando lwezoQoqosho e-Asia e-HSBC, uthe: "Ngenxa yesidingo esingxamisekileyo sokwenza i-decarbonize, okanye ubuncinci ukunciphisa ubushushu bekhabhoni kuqoqosho, ukunyanzeliswa komthetho okusingqongileyo kuya kuqhubeka, ukuba awuqiniswa ngakumbi."
Bhalisa kwincwadana yethu yemihla ngemihla ukuze ufumane iingxelo ezikhethekileyo zeReuters ezithunyelwe kwibhokisi yakho engenayo.
NgoMvulo, iibhondi zeenkampani ezithengisa izindlu zaseTshayina ziphinde zabethwa kwakhona, njengoko u-Evergrande ebonakala ngathi uphose umjikelo wesithathu wentlawulo yeebond kwiiveki ezimbalwa, ngelixa i-Modern Land kunye ne-Sony zaba ziinkampani zamva nje ezilwela ukuhlehlisa umhla obekiweyo.
I-Reuters, iindaba kunye nolwahlulo lwamajelo eendaba iThomson Reuters, lelona lizwe libonelela ngeendaba kwimultimedia, lifikelela kwizigidi ngezigidi zabantu kwihlabathi liphela yonke imihla. I-Reuters ibonelela ngeendaba zeshishini, ezezimali, ezasekhaya nezamazwe aphesheya ngokuthe ngqo kubathengi ngokusebenzisa iiterminal ze-desktop, imibutho yeendaba zosasazo, imisitho yemizi-mveliso kunye ngqo.
Thembela kumxholo onegunya, ubungcali bokuhlelwa kwegqwetha, kunye netekhnoloji echaza umzi-mveliso ukwakha eyona mpikiswano inamandla.
Esona sisombululo sibanzi sokulawula konke ukuntsokotha kunye nokwandisa irhafu kunye neemfuno zokuthotyelwa.
Ulwazi, uhlalutyo kunye neendaba ezizodwa malunga neemarike zezemali-ezikhoyo kwi-intuitive desktop kunye neselfowuni.
Iscreen somngcipheko omkhulu wabantu kunye nezinto kumgangatho wehlabathi ukunceda ukufumanisa umngcipheko ofihliweyo kubudlelwane beshishini kunye neenethiwekhi zonxibelelwano.


Ixesha Post: Oct-12-2021